Absolute conception of the State of Hobbes


Absolute conception of the State of Hobbes

Concezione dello Stato assoluto di Hobbes

The thought of the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) diverges from that ’ man on concepts such as the condition of wolffian State of nature, on the nature of the Pact and on the characteristics of political power. In some works policies such as the Levitate (1651) and the De cive (1642) Thomas Hobbes conceived the State absolute as l ’ only means and guarantee of peace in society and no antidote to misery and fear of death. The State of nature is a condition of social disorder, where there is peace and serenity ’, but a violent reality of hate and contempt stemming from the principle of survival of the fittest. Only with the conclusion of the Pact the men leave the State of nature by delegating power to their sovereign. The conception of the State of Hobbes bases its theory on the belief that only the positive law what is fair and what is unfair. Hobbes thus has a generally secular vision of the State, of social life and of the two values. While theorizing absolutist power Hobbes denies the character and l ’ the divine origin of the State.

Here is an extract from the De Cive (1642) on the conception of the State of Hobbes:


Since the convergence of many will towards one goal is not enough to preserve and establish a permanent defense, It requires the will of all is, in choosing that ch ’ is required for the maintenance of peace and for the defense, one. which can't happen if each no subordinates his will to that of another, whether it be a single man, or one Assembly, so that ch ’ he will as necessary for the common peace, is to be considered as desired by all and each. call the Assembly meeting more men acting in what it should or should not be done for the common good. This form of submission of all to the will of one individual,or one Assembly,takes place when each is bound by a Covenant to everyone else don't fight the will of that person or that ’ ’ Assembly that will be subdued, that is not denying you l ’ use of its forces or their possessions against anyone else; but we mean well that he will retain the right to defend themselves from violence nonetheless. This form of ’ agreement is called Union. as to the will of a ’ Assembly, It is to be considered as the will of the majority of individuals to which the ’ Assembly is composed.



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3 thoughts on "Absolute conception of the State of Hobbes

  1. Isidra on said:

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