The punctuation

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The punctuation

La punteggiatura

 

 

 

Punctuation is the set of punctuation marks which serve to play graphically in written language breaks, the interruptions, or other types of expressive elements that in the spoken language are provided by intonation of sentences.
Punctuation can be crucial and sometimes, If used incorrectly change the meaning of sentences, Here's an example:
“When Franco studied in his Office, Marco watches television”
“When Franco studies, in his Office Marco watches television”

Here are the punctuation marks and the way of usage:

Point or full stop (.) (It indicates a long pause).

Is used to:

  • finish a complete sentence or a period: Ex. “Luca is hungry.” , “Tomorrow I will go to the park with her grandmother.”

  • Abbreviations and acronyms: Ex. Prof. = Professor, AVV. = lawyer, etc = etc, see = compare, p = page
    After the point it always takes an uppercase letter, and if the subject matter was concluded he wraps.

Comma (,) (indicates a short break)

Is used to:

  • divide words, objects in a list, or an enumeration

  • isolate a Vocative

  • isolate apposition

  • separate two coordinative propositions

  • separate a proposition from a other introduced by conjunctions but, though, Therefore, however, Although, because, While,…

  • After some adverbs (No, Yes, well,…)

Semicolon (;)(indicates a pause media)

Is used to:

  • separate two or more prepositions all ’ in a long period

Two points (:) (quick break)

Is used to:

  • introduce a list

  • introduce an example

  • introduce a speech act

  • introduce a clarification

Question mark (?) (long pause, strong)

Is used to:

  • conclude a direct question

  • express a doubt, surprise,..

After the question mark it takes a capital letter.

Exclamation point (!) (long pause, strong)

Is used to:

  • expressing surprise, Marvel, pain, reproach, commands,…

  • expressing incredulity or bewilderment when used with question mark

  • accentuate the strength of together with other exclamation exclamation points

After the exclamation point it takes a capital letter.

Suspension points (…)

The ones used in the fixed number of three dots and serve to:

  • leave pending a sentence for doubt, uncertainty, joy or irony.

  • leave pending a sentence that you can guess the conclusion or the missing word

Quotes (“ ”, « »)

Are used in pairs to:

  • enclose a speech act

  • enclose quotations

  • Enclose titles of works

  • highlight words or phrases from the special meaning

Hyphen (-)

Is used to:

  • Merge two terms that do not form a compound word (Ex. the socio-economic situation)

  • split syllables

Slash (/)

Is used to:

  • divide the verses of a poem without wrap

  • indicate the Division into syllables

  • divide numbers in a given

Parentheses ()

They are used to:

  • isolate words not necessary for the understanding of speech, that provide additional information

  • indicate the ’ author of a quotation

Brackets [ ]

They are used to:

  • point out that certain words or phrases are removed

  • enter in the text some words to make it easier to understand the text

 

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