Biography of Niccolò Machiavelli
Niccolò Machiavelli was born in Florence on 3 may 1469. His father, Bernardo Machiavelli was doctor of laws, However because of its deployment, contrary to that of the Medici family, He could not take part in any public office, Thus remaining in poverty.
Starting from 1476 Niccolò Machiavelli started to follow language courses and Latin grammar to prepare for administrative and judicial career.
Due to the difficult economic situation could not access the ’ University, remain excluded from fine Florentine political culture circles.
However, thanks to the presence of classical and humanist texts in the library of his home Machiavelli was able to enrich its culture and studying the Florentine vernacular literature. In June of 1498 Machiavelli was appointed Secretary of the second Chancellery and elected Secretary of tens of freedom and peace.
Here are the main works that he composed:
1499 Speech over Pisa
1500 starts on De natura gallorum
1503 completes De natura gallorum and writes the The way they treated the people of the Val di Chiana rebelled
1504 Ends the drawing up of the first Tenth anniversary
1506 The cause of ’ order
1507-1508 Relationship of things of Magna
1509 Talk over things of Magna and above the ’ Emperor, Dell ’ ambition
1512 Portrait of things of Magna, Portrait of France's stuff
1513 the beginning of the De principatibus, Discourses on Livy
1518 Mandrake root
1519-1520 begins the drafting of’ Art of war
1520 Life of Castruccio Castracani, Summary of the things of the city of Lucca, Florentine Islands
1520-1521 Discursus per Florentinarum rerum ionioris postmortem Laurentii Medices
1521 public l’Art of war in Florence
1525 ends the drawing up of Istorie fiorentine, Clizia
Among the 1499 and the 1500 He made several trips aiming at solving issues related to the military campaign that Florence was leading to the reconquest of Pisa, between July December 1500 He carried out his first mission in France.
Among the 1507 and the 1508 together with Francesco Vettori was on a mission in Germany, at the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian ’ d ’.
In 1512 the Medici family, restored power over Florence fired Machiavelli and condemns him to confinement for one year and to pay a security deposit of one thousand florins d ’ gold. A year later he was arrested and tortured with ’ accusation of plotting a conspiracy to kill Giuliano de’ Doctors, released from prison retires in his abode to Albergaccio. In 1514 he returned to Florence and began attending the Orti Oricellari.
In November 1526 He was sent to Modena with Francesco Guicciardini to study the necessary measures to stem l ’ invasion of landsknechts.
The 21 June 1527 dies and the day after is buried in the basilica of Santa Croce in Florence.