Biography and historical time of Aristotle
Aristotle was born in Stageira in 384 BC and began to attend the school of Plato to 17 years and remained there until the death of the master (347 l..), that is, for 20 years. After the death of Plato, Aristotle left the Academy and went ’ in the city of Ace. Here reconstituted, along with two other philosophers, Erastus and Corisco, a small community Platonic, where he gave his first lessons and wrote his works of biology. To ACE Aristotle married Pitia, sister of Hermia and in 344 BC moved to Mytilini. In 342 l.. ,Philip, King of Macedonia called him to Pella with l ’ assignment to assume l ’ education of his son Alexander. Most likely took this decision as from the ’ friendship Filippo conditional of Aristotle with Hermia, ally of the Macedonian. In 335 b.c. Aristotle returned to Athens and thanks to the friendship of powerful Macedonian ruler ’ had exceptional resources study simplified matters research in all fields of knowledge. Aristotle founded the Lyceum, all ’ which stood even a walk and a garden. In 323 b.c. Alexander's death provoked the ’ insurrection of the nationalist party in Athens against the Macedonian and placed in danger Aristotle, He fled to his mother's homeland promptly in the, in halkida. Aristotle died in 322 b.c. because of a stomach illness.
The historical time in which he lived Aristotle presented differs most from that of Plato. The crisis of the polis was now incontrovertible and any attempts to curb it were insufficient. In this situation the switched Greek citizen finds himself immersed in a governmental wider and was never directly involved in the engagements of the Government. This change resulted in the loss of interest and passion for politics by citizens who sought new cognitive and ethical interests.