Absolute conception of the State of Hobbes
The thought of the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) diverges from that ’ man on concepts such as the condition of wolffian State of nature, on the nature of the Pact and on the characteristics of political power. In some works policies such as the Levitate (1651) and the De cive (1642) Thomas Hobbes conceived the State absolute as l ’ only means and guarantee of peace in society and no antidote to misery and fear of death. The State of nature is a condition of social disorder, where there is peace and serenity ’, but a violent reality of hate and contempt stemming from the principle of survival of the fittest. Only with the conclusion of the Pact the men leave the State of nature by delegating power to their sovereign. The conception of the State of Hobbes bases its theory on the belief that only the positive law what is fair and what is unfair. Hobbes thus has a generally secular vision of the State, of social life and of the two values. While theorizing absolutist power Hobbes denies the character and l ’ the divine origin of the State.
Here is an extract from the De Cive (1642) on the conception of the State of Hobbes: