COS ’ is the dolce Stil Novo
COS ’ is the dolce Stil Novo?
The term sweet Stil Novo It indicates the poetic knowledge I gathered some authors, in particular in Florence in the second half of 1200.
Among them was the mints of this term, Dante Alighieri, that in one of his works emphasises the fundamental peculiarities of new poetry, with the absolute fidelity all ’ inspiration that comes from Love.
This type of poem you configure from the beginning as a genre exclusively amoroso, however Dante inner inclination of teaching emphasizes of Love, and the ’ linguistic content.
Many scholars place Guido Guinizzelli directly to ’ motion source, however it is best to treat it as a precursor, because it developed a poetic project innovative compared to previous practice, but merely to anticipate issues that belong to Stilnovo.
In addition to Dante and Guinizzelli other poets of Stilnovo were Guido Cavalcanti, Lapo Gianni, Gianni Alfani, Dino Frescobaldi and Guittoncino.
The poets of this movement had a common vision and even poetry, both ideological and formal way.
The theme absolute is l’love, moral redemption that must be investigated in a rational way.
A ’ another important feature of this type of poetry is the angelic figure of woman, that besides being beautiful and noble becomes the intermediary between God and man, and was sent by the Lord to save only men with the kind heart, that is, nobleman (pure) by love.
L’love stilnovistico It's not erotic, as sometimes happens to be in the troubadours but contemplative; the man reaches only bliss watching woman, source of eternal beauty. From here will come then the theme of praise to women, which brings a saving charge that emanates from the look and (the love goes through the eyes) and from the greeting that the woman gives pure lovers. The style is predominantly sweet, with great musicality and ’ use of a rather narrow vocabulary.
As regards the plan metric songs and sonnets returning to their traditional sizes and is ennobled, in particular by Guido Cavalcanti the ballad.
Linguistically it is worth mentioning the elimination of dialettismi and of municipalismi preferring instead the illustrious Florentine, with sporadic, but provenzalismi sicilianismi and a perfect amalgamation of traditional syntax and, vocabulary and musicality. The choice of words is calibrated in terms of content and in terms of music, with a clear and fluid syntax.
Here are some poems by authors of sweet Stil Novo:
Author: Guido Cavalcanti
Themes: Praise of women, love that passes through your eyes, mind as imagination and memory