Here are some of the most important and commonly used definitions related ’ social organization that we call State or the law in General.
Nation: Community d ’ individuals who share common characteristics such as language, the geographic location, the story, the traditions,..
The formation of a nation is sometimes direct will of provinces or a’ units created by a dynasty or a general spirit of belonging.
Constitution: body of legal rules that are laid down the basic principles of social organization that we call was ’.
Law: set of behavioral patterns proposed as mandatory human societies for which they are intended and which are recognised as such.
An absolutist State: been identified in the sovereign who holds absolute power, is able to do all things deemed useful to society.
The liberal State: the State looks like an instrument of society, It restricts its activities to those strictly necessary for the safe and autonomous operation of the company.
Entrepreneurial State: the State expands its business activities instead of at the company in the management of certain productive activities.
Welfare State: the State becomes the ultimate organizer of society, a pivot of social life, who defends, organizes and assists individuals, members of society.
Rule of law: State sovereignty is expressed through rules of law, in order to make indisputable command of holder of Government,but it became even limit (State may act according to the rule of law, that is, it must limit its actions to those falling within the established legal framework).
State: human enterprise created by men to govern and provide services to the company.
Sovereignty: recognition of the fact that the State has an unlimited executive power, which means that the State is sovereign.
Republic: from the greek (public RES) Public Affairs, form of Government of the community.
Citizenship: constraint d ’ belonging to a State.
Population: composed by’ combination of living on State territory regardless of their citizenship, culture or religion.
Control of legality: consequence of the principle of the rule of law, l ’ State action must fall and conform to current regulatory framework.
Government politics: precise purpose of ’ activities of State Government.
Functional separation of powers: functions of State Government are distinct and divided.
Separation of powers: the positions of Member of legislative, Dell Executive and judicial ’ are irreconcilable.
Home: ideological Association synonymous with peace, order and civilization.