The Etruscan necropolis and painting
In this article you will find the main features of Etruscan art and in particular the Etruscan necropolis and painting. The Etruscan civilization developed from the ninth century b.c. in the area between the River Arno and Tiber, from here, starting in the 5th century BC spread up to Campania and North in the Po Valley. The Etruscans brought an important contribution to the history, have developed extensive contacts with the Greek civilization and have greatly influenced the Roman. Even today we find Etruscan city that show the wisdom of this people, such as Volterra and Tarquinia. However most of the architectures and cities were lost and destroyed, in fact most of the information we have received through the necropolis (the so-called “City of the dead“) with their set of objects and murals (among the most important we find Tarquinia and Cerveteri necropolis, both in the region of Lazio. The necropolis is an important historical source since they are organized along the lines of the city of the living and represent the basic characters.
The tombs of the necropolis Etruscan had different forms: mounds (circular base and covered by a mound of soil), undergrounds (carved into the rock) or at newsstand (made of stone). Anyway inside were being reproduced inside spaces and furnishings of real houses, to ensure the deceased, even after death, a comfortable and familiar environment. Some graves, carved into the rock have beds, chairs, everyday items etc..
We see now in detail painting that characterized the Etruscans. The Etruscan tomb wall paintings occupy large portions of stana, the figures are stylized and exhibit the typical conventions of archaic art: the figures are represented by stylized profile and generally. They are placed along the same baseline and brightly colored and contrasted (Red, Green and ochre). All the figures are showing a vivacity of expression, sense in motion and realistic characters. Etruscan art, In contrast to the Greek is not idealized, There are disproportions between the figures or the same part of the characters. The figures are alternated with regularity by olive trees giving a kind of compositional rhythm.